IT band injury or IT band syndrome is usually a trivial sports injury, but if neglected, over a period of time, it becomes quite severe. This is especially troublesome in athletes, who may have to skip running until recovery. IT band injury rest time can vary from few weeks to a couple of months, depending on the severity and duration of the injury. Inflammation and adhesion of inflammatory healing tissue to surrounding normal tissues, can threaten the complete recovery of the injured IT band. Hence, one has to follow a rigorous routine of physical therapy in the form of IT band stretches and other IT band exercises, which help in accurate and complete healing of the injured IT band.
A dislocated finger joint is rarely seen in orthopedic practice, due to the inborn reflexive attitude of a person to protect fingers from injury. This can also be due to the fact, that finger movements are controlled by a large area of the brain. Thus, a person is more aware and apprehensive about ones fingers, which can be easily pulled away from situations that can cause injury to them. Being the terminal part of the hand, a finger joint when acting as a fulcrum has a very long lever arm and a very short load arm. Hence, injuries, like jammed finger (crush injury), sprained finger, and so on, are more commonly seen, rather than a dislocated finger.
A broken knee can be due to several injuries, like broken knee cap (patella fracture), or broken leg bones (tibia or fibula fracture) or thigh bone (femur fracture) near the knee joint. Road accidents, especially bike accidents, can cause the worst broken knee’s, with several knee fractures and torn knee ligaments and tendons. Such injuries are highly disastrous, and can have lifelong consequences. Even trivial knee injuries can be quite discomforting for a persons routine life. A broken knee is a serious knee injury, which causes severe disability and even deprives a person from any worthwhile employment for a prolonged period.
Bradycardia or a slow heart rate, is an uncommon but grave complication in the field of orthopedics. A sudden attack of bradycardia is life-threatening, and has to be managed intensively, with the help of a physician or an anesthetist. The blurring of clinical signs of bradycardia is generally due to more importance given to orthopedic injuries or a surgery which a person has undergone.
Non weight bearing or nil weight bearing or simply NWB is not putting weight on a particular part of the body. Since, weight of the body is primarily born by our legs, the restriction of non weight bearing is generally applied after leg injuries or surgeries. Non weight bearing is more important than any other treatment for proper recovery from leg and knee injuries. Failure to understand the significance of this simple restriction, can lead to disastrous outcomes from even simple fractures or surgeries on the leg. Hence, it is very important to understand what is non weight bearing and follow it religiously to prevent complications.
Thumb Spica is an orthopedic cast or thumb splint used for therapeutic immobilization of thumb injuries. It keeps the thumb in a fixed position called the “glass holding position”. This not only allows the undisturbed torn ligament or fracture healing, but also helps us to perform a few activities, like holding a glass or a book and so on. Since, it keeps the remaining fingers active it is also called a functional position and this prevents fingers from becoming stiff. Thus, it should always be kept in mind while using any spica cast or thumb splint, that, except the injured part, all the other parts should be free to move to prevent unnecessary stiffness later.
Bone is a highly dynamic tissue of the body. It is quite similar to skin, for the fact that its outer layers are constantly being broken down as new layers of tissue are added from the inner side. This constant renewal of layers makes bone fracture healing process automatic, and it does not require any treatment. However, bone fractures (broken bones) are frequently associated with loss of normal alignment of the bone and instability at the fracture site. If this is not corrected, it leads to complications like nonunion and malunion.
Lag screw fixation is a technique used in surgical treatment (internal fixation) of fractures or broken bones. It involves the use of special half threaded orthopedic bone screws, which are smooth from the head up to half or two-thirds of their length. Even a fully threaded cortical screw can be used as a lag screw if the proximal cortex is over drilled. The function of a lag screw is to achieve compression between the fracture fragments (pieces of bone), which helps in providing lag screw strength for better bone fracture healing.
Orthopedic bone screws are stainless steel or titanium screws used for the surgical treatment of broken bones. They are the most commonly used devices for surgical internal fixation of bones. The material of the screws is highly non-reactive does not cause any allergic or corrosive reactions inside the body. It can safely remain in our body for an entire lifetime without causing any complications.
Broken thumb injuries are highly debilitating and a common cause of thumb pain and hand swelling. Being the shortest finger of a hand, injury to the thumb is less likely. Since, the other fingers face traumatic events earlier and reflex prompt withdrawal keeps the thumb remains relatively safe. Even when falling on the ground, a person tends to injure the wrist or have a dislocated finger more often, compared to the thumb. Also the oppositional movement of the thumb helps us to reflexively conceal it within a fist formed by other fingers and the palm. Thus, getting a broken thumb is not at all easy. However, thumb injuries can cause premature thumb arthritis, which permanently compromises the function of the entire hand.