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Orthopedic Injuries Archives | Orthoped

Traumatic Injuries of Hand

Fractures

Fractures occur when a force is strong enough to crack the bone. This typically occurs with a fall onto the hand, when the hand jams or impacts a hard object, when the hand is crushed between objects, or if the hand is forcefully twisted. A broken bone is not worse than a fractured bone; the two terms are considered to be synonymous. A bone is considered to be fractured whether it has a hairline crack or a large break with the two pieces of bones displaced. (more…)

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Indication For Amputation

amputationAmputation is among the oldest recorded surgical procedures. It has been documented in the Rig-Veda (c. 1200 BC) and the Temple of Ramses II (13th century BC).1 The major indications for therapeutic amputation have remained constant throughout history and include ischemia, trauma, infection, and malignancy. Of the 623,000 Americans living with the loss of a lower extremity in 2005, 80% had dysvascular disease. (more…)

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Injury Of The Spinal Column

Thoracolumbar spinal injuries can be subdivided into those involving the thoracic spine from T1 to T10, those involving the thoracolumbar junction from T11 to L2 and those involving the lumbar spine from L3 to L5.

The understanding of pathomechanics and classification will guide the surgeon during assessment and in establishing treatment priorities. (more…)

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Back Pain In Athletes

Back pain

The lifetime incidence of mechanical back pain of some type or another is approximately 60% in human beings living in a western culture, with or without a sporting interest. While sportsmen can clearly suffer degenerative and mechanical problems unrelated to their sporting endeavours, there is a series of clinical syndromes and pathological processes that are seen specifically, but not exclusively in sportsmen.

Increasingly, in a leisureoriented culture, not only do these back pain problems afflict professional and top-level amateur sportsmen, but there are many recreational sporting injuries in the general population.

It is important to exclude significant underlying pathology in any patient or sportsman with back pain. The list of red flags popularized in the Clinical Standards Advisory Group document is a very useful guide to screening such patients for significant underlying pathology. (more…)

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IT Band Injury Symptoms, Exercises, Stretches, and Treatment

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IT band injury or IT band syndrome is usually a trivial sports injury, but if neglected, over a period of time, it becomes quite severe. This is especially troublesome in athletes, who may have to skip running until recovery. IT band injury rest time can vary from few weeks to a couple of months, depending on the severity and duration of the injury. Inflammation and adhesion of inflammatory healing tissue to surrounding normal tissues, can threaten the complete recovery of the injured IT band. Hence, one has to follow a rigorous routine of physical therapy in the form of IT band stretches and other IT band exercises, which help in accurate and complete healing of the injured IT band.
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Dislocated Finger Joint Pictures and Treatment

A dislocated finger joint is rarely seen in orthopedic practice, due to the inborn reflexive attitude of a person to protect fingers from injury. This can also be due to the fact, that finger movements are controlled by a large area of the brain. Thus, a person is more aware and apprehensive about ones fingers, which can be easily pulled away from situations that can cause injury to them. Being the terminal part of the hand, a finger joint when acting as a fulcrum has a very long lever arm and a very short load arm. Hence, injuries, like jammed finger (crush injury), sprained finger, and so on, are more commonly seen, rather than a dislocated finger.

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Injured in a Car Accident? Read This Right Now!

Car accident injuries are quite common in developed countries, due to the sheer volume of vehicular traffic coupled by concurrent consumption of alcohol or talking on the phone while driving. Car accident injuries can be fatal or have  serious consequences irrespective of the initial severity of the injury. Since, an innocuous appearing head injury or whiplash injury can have long term detrimental effects on the nerves and brain. The effects of many of these injuries are not seen immediately after the accident, and so it leaves a person with a false sense of well-being. Moreover, later he may even be targeted by attorneys of the accused of making a false claim. Thus, it is very important to have a complete evaluation of brain and spine, along with other involved body parts, in a suspected car accident head injury or whiplash injury.

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Broken Knee Injuries Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

A broken knee can be due to several injuries, like broken knee cap (patella fracture), or broken leg bones (tibia or fibula fracture) or thigh bone (femur fracture) near the knee joint. Road accidents, especially bike accidents, can cause the worst broken knee’s, with several knee fractures and torn knee ligaments and tendons. Such injuries are highly disastrous, and can have lifelong consequences. Even trivial knee injuries can be quite discomforting for a persons routine life. A broken knee is a serious knee injury, which causes severe disability and even deprives a person from any worthwhile employment for a prolonged period.

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Bone Fracture Healing

Bone is a highly dynamic tissue of the body. It is quite similar to skin, for the fact that its outer layers are constantly being broken down as new layers of tissue are added from the inner side. This constant renewal of layers makes bone fracture healing process automatic, and it does not require any treatment. However, bone fractures (broken bones) are frequently associated with loss of normal alignment of the bone and instability at the fracture site. If this is not corrected, it leads to complications like nonunion and malunion.

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Broken Thumb Injuries Symptoms and Treatment

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Broken thumb injuries are highly debilitating and a common cause of thumb pain and hand swelling. Being the shortest finger of a hand, injury to the thumb is less likely. Since, the other fingers face traumatic events earlier and reflex prompt withdrawal keeps the thumb remains relatively safe. Even when falling on the ground, a person tends to injure the wrist or have a dislocated finger more often, compared to the thumb. Also the oppositional movement of the thumb helps us to reflexively conceal it within a fist formed by other fingers and the palm. Thus, getting a broken thumb is not at all easy. However, thumb injuries can cause premature thumb arthritis, which permanently compromises the function of the entire hand.

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